Basketball Systems, Skills & Drills


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Off-Season Workouts

YouTube Drills

Annotated workout and drill videos, the playlist is Off-season drills. Also see At-Home Training and Driveway shooting.

Shooting Challenges


  • 7 Bradley Beal Shooting Drills (EGT)
    • Three-step pull-ups (split stance, inside foot then outside foot forward).
    • 5-spot combo - at each spot take two 3s, two pull-ups (left-right), one 3.
    • Short-longs - mid-range shot and a 3 from 7 spots.
    • Weave shooting - alternate elbow curls from under the basket.
    • Webster 20+1 - four 3s at 5 spots plus one 3 from five feet behind the arc.
    • 50 makes - make 10 3s from 5 spots, re-set to 0 on 3 misses in a row.
    • Baseline drifts - start on the wing, drift for a corner 3.
  • Curry Workout Off The Dribble (Coleman Ayers, By Any Means Basketball)
    • Curry uses a ton of wraps.
    • Continuous wrap behind shuffle (10 on each side), then in and out wrap shuffle.
    • Freestyle shot fakes off the dribble consecutive shot fakes and combos, be creative, change speeds, look at the rim.
    • Glide into shot fake, explode and decelerate, shot fake again crossover (counter shot fake, push out, finish on the other side).
    • Shooting
      • jab and cross stepback (one dribble)
      • in and out wrap 3s (2 dribbles, with a little shuffle to set the feet)
      • two-dribble inverted snatch (inverted drag)
      • throw the ball out in front with one dribble, catch and shoot
      • in and out wrap stepbacks (3 dribbles)
      • in and out wrap inverted snatch (3 dribbles)
      • behind the back glide behind the back snatch (2 dribbles).
    • See Shooting - Snake pull-ups.
  • Pro Scoring Progression (Thrive3)
    • Double move to a drop stance:
      • cradle finish (Jordan layup)
      • Dirk (transition fade) or regular stepback
      • freeze 3-point shot (step up)
      • crossover to step-out (vs. stepback)
      • punch (same-foot) stepback
      • crossover to Dirk fade on the baseline.



a) Collin Castellaw (Shot Mechanics)

  • Baseline Sprint Shooting
    • 6 shots, alternate sides, blocks, mid-range, corner 3s (see Baseline sprint 3s below)
  • Filthy 45
    • 9 shots x 5 spots catch and shoot, downhill catch and shoot, backpedal catch and shoot, one-dribble pull-ups L-R, lateral shots L-R, jab-pullbacks L-R (one dribble)
  • Klay Thompson Catch and Shoot
    • Catch and shoot, jab right shoot, jab left shoot.
    • Crack-back 3s (two balls, shot pass square up then come back for a ball off a cone or chair).
    • X shooting (block to wing, shot pass, alternate sides, use reverse pivot hop, turning inside).
  • Partner Shooting Drills for Attacking Closeouts
    • On the closeout, a) shoot, b) shot fake, one-dribble pull-up, c) jab (at the top foot), shoot.
    • See Shooting - 5star pairs spot.
  • Curry Shooting Drills #2
    • Transition pull-ups, bring the ball up with the inside hand on each side of the floor,
      • in and out pull
      • drop cross hesi
      • lateral behind the back (kick step)
      • push cross to lateral space
      • yo-yo (cut) dribble to lateral pull-up
      • wrap stepback (extra dribble or not)
      • drop cross snatch back (behind the back pullback)
      • drop cross pullback (cross it back, scissor step i.e. foot replacement)
      • pop stop (drop cross, punch dribble, scissor feet).
    • See Shooting - Snake pull-ups.
  • Curry Shooting Drills #1 (9:15)
    • Catch and shoot (spin a pass in front).
    • Jab and shoot (both sides).
    • Pass fake outside, shoot.
    • Baby pump fake, shoot.
    • Extended jab (with dominant foot), shoot from there.
    • V-dribble (push-out and crossover) shoot.
    • Lateral space dribble (drop a dribble outside, kick step or cross-step to get it).
    • Step-backs (cross-step, one dribble).
    • See Driveway shooting.
  • 5 Shooting Drills by Yourself
    • Two-bounce spin-outs (start on baseline, bounce outside 3, alternate sides).
    • Behind the back midrange (dribble wing to wing with outside hand, go behind the back, shoot), see Shooting - Behind-the-back pull-ups.
    • Out-curl mid-range (bounce from baseline, curl outside, catch and shoot).
    • One-dribble pull-up series (wings, both sides) pull-up right-left, side-step 3 right-left.
    • Baseline sprint 3s corner to corner (long rebound, shoot where you get it).
  • 5-Minute Workout
    • Line shooting, free throws, hip-swivel pull-ups, drag pullbacks, jab 3s.up

b) Using screens

  • See Shooting - Wide pin-downs, Sackmann ballscreens, Tactics - Hanlen ballscreens.
  • Best Ballscreen Drill for High-School Point Guards (Mike Lee)
    • Come off the screen, one-dribble pull-up (your defender goes over, drop coverage).
    • Against a show attached to the screener, it's like an inside-out dribble, jab, step out, ideally the inside foot gets around to seal him (then one dribble to a floater).
    • Split a separated show, sell over the top, plant and punch it through (push cross) right into a floater.
    • Re-screen - your defender goes under, 180 pivot by the screener, plant and change direction. (Variation - shoot from behind).up

c) Separation

  • See Shooting - Snake pull-ups, Angled pull-up, Multi-stop challenge.
  • Stop Separation Series (Reid Ouse)
    • inside-out stop (speed stop) - cross-over step drive forcing your defender to cross-step, if you haven't committed to another step, step in for a shot
    • punch drag if committed to another step with the outside foot
    • use an inverted drag if your defender is jumpy and immediately crosses his feet (Ouse anchors the back foot, steps back with the inside foot)
    • on a hard close-out, split catch to attack and get to a speed stop, punch drag or inverted drag.
  • Under Drag Progression (Jordan Lawley)
    • left foot forward, catch with the left hand, go under the left leg, foot replacement (hop), shoot, continue, switch feet
    • catch in an open stance, turn dribble and step with the ballside foot, drag under, touch stepback (push off the lead foot, replace the inside foot, into a step back)
    • catch, one-dribble cross-step drive (two steps), under drag, foot switch (hip swivel), step up and shoot (a hesi pull).up

d) Split Stance

  • See Shooting - Courtney Douglass, Angled pull-up, Sackmann pull-ups
  • Push Cross Workout (Sackmann)
    • Pound, push cross, pull it back to the pocket, push cross to a pull-up
    • One dribble (right hand), drop, step L-R, push cross, pull-up
  • Body Jab Workout  (Sackmann, 5:03)
    • on a split catch, jab hard with your upper body (not your feet) and shift the ball
    • catch, body jab inside, one-dribble cross-step pull-up outside
    • progression - double body jab (shimmy outside-inside)
    • See Driveway shooting.
    • Cross-Step Shimmy (Sackmann)
      • cross-step from triple threat, shift weight to the back foot, dribble inside your frame and go
      • cross-step, spin out, cross-step (sweep the ball low or take it over head), shimmy
  • Sprint Through Shooting (Jared Berggren)
    • Start outside the top of the key in a split stance, spin the ball to an elbow, then explode into a catch and shoot, run through the ball (footwork is outside-inside-outside).
    • See Shooting - Thrive3 footwork (inside foot or hop on the move), Triangle elbows, Driveway shooting.up

e) Other shooting

  • Russell Westbrook Downhill Series (Lawley)
    • Start outside the top of the key, as a pass is coming straight out, sprint to meet it, catch and shoot with a wide base (a hop).
    • Catch outside the top of the key with one hand, push it across to the other hand with one dribble, attacking into a pull-up.
  • 4 Shooting Drills (Tony Watson)
    • Form shooting.
    • Alternating one-dribble pull-ups.
    • Catch and shoot 3s.
    • Back and forth 3s.up


  • See Layups - Euro-step, Relph cross-jab series, Floaters, One-hand pickup, YouTube drills.
  • Layup Package (Tony Watson)
    • from the nail, power layups (outside-inside footwork)
    • first step (same hand same foot)
    • inside hand (power footwork or first step)
    • floaters from the top of the key - outside hand, inside hand
  • Finishing Vitamins  (Sackmann)
    • 30 total makes
    • 5 finishes - same foot same hand, Euro-step, veer, skip step (power footwork) inside hand, skip step floater (right hand)
    • for each finish, start at the foul line (one dribble) then 5 more spots (corner-wing-top-wing-corner, two dribbles), bounce out to the next spot after a make, alternate hands on each shot, make a free throw, move on to the next finish
  • Finish Series (Sackmann)
    • same foot/hand finish - drop, two steps, outside hand and foot extension finish
    • two-hand manipulation - step thru dribble, rhythm dribble, two-hand manipulation off the outside foot, bring the ball to the middle of your frame, finish away with the outside hand
    • veer finish - punch drag, scissor, one dribble, pick up on the outside foot, veer (bump), jump away to finish
    • skip step floater - skip off inside foot, land outside-inside, floater
    • skip step inside hand extension - same footwork, inside hand extension (split a gap)
    • see Layups - Cross the lane
  • Detailed Finishing Warm-up (Sackmann)
    • pro hops into floaters, inside-hand split finishes
    • behind the back dribble into a pro hop, the ball hangs, hand on top
    • see Layups - Jr. NBA finishing
  • Top 5 Finishing Moves (Razooky)
    • Contact under the rim (last step, veer)
    • Bump evade (bump on the dribble, one more step)
    • Spin move
    • Euro-step (between feet, over the top)
    • Pro hop (on two).
  • Kyrie Irving Finishing Workout (Ayers)
    • Mikans - inside hand, wide hooks, cradles
    • Cuff and overhead dribbles
    • Two-foot change of direction (extension finish), cradles, inside hand, off-foot (outside hand and foot), all weak-hand.
  • Finish Strong at the Rim (Razooky)
    • Veer step - slam ball and inside foot at the same time, pick up, ball on shoulder, one step forward, step into your defender (contact on the pickup), don't rock the ball.
    • Pound evasion (contact on the dribble) - pound and step inside at the same time, hit your defender, take one step (can take two) and finish (see Dribble-jab Euro above).
    • Jump stop - sideways into your defender, tuck the ball to your side.
    • Contact in the air - outside-inside power finish.
    • Jump on top of your defender - gather outside-inside, elevate diagonally, show the ball with both hands, bring it back to the shoulder and finish with the outside hand.
    • Also see Dribbling - Coach Rock cones, Layups -
  • Four Finishes (DJ Sackmann)
    • Veer action - Euro-step right-left, jump laterally right with extension, finish with the right hand on the right side of the rim; repeat other side (step left-right, finish left).
    • Gather on the left foot, reach for space with the right foot, finish.
    • Euro-step - attack middle with the left hand, step left-right, finish; repeat other side.
    • Slow heavy step - gather on the right foot, slow down on the left foot (heavy step, let the defender pass you), fade off the left foot.
  • 6 Reverse Layups (Lawley)
    • Show the ball with the outside hand off the outside foot, one more step, finish with the same hand on the other side.
    • Same show and step, finish with the inside hand.
    • Up and under - outside-inside power stop, show the ball in both hands, bring it down, finish with the inside hand (with no extra step).
    • Same power stop and up and under, outside-hand finish.
    • Show the ball with the outside hand off the inside foot, switch hands to finish on the other side (no extra step).
    • Dribble thru, finish with the outside hand off the outside foot [Nash].
  • Undersized Guards- Learn how to finish better at the rim (Lawley)
    • Floaters - dominant-hand only, for a rightie going right step outside-inside (power floater), going left finish off the left foot (cross-body).
    • First step - off the outside foot with the inside hand, or outside hand side-arm, scoop, dribble-thru reverse.
    • With contact - in the air (e.g. help defender in the restricted area), or on the ground with the dribble (nudge on the first step) or on the second step with a veer finish.
  • Midline Finishing Series (Berggren)
    • Side jab (baseline), one dribble middle and skip off inside foot, outside-inside finish.
    • Same except skip to land on two (jump stop), can step thru, reverse pivot.
    • Skip, land inside-outside, transition fadeaway.up

Ballhandling & Dribbling

See Dribbling Series, Nepean Blue Devils At-Home Indoor Drills, Dribbling - Hanlen stationary, Jason Kidd fullcourt, Duke two-ball.

  • Work on Handles Without Dribbling (Damin Altizer)
    • Maravich ballhandling e.g.  if dribbling is not an option
    • finger taps
    • wrap right leg waist left leg waist right leg (change direction)
    • corkscrew (wrap legs waist head), change direction
    • wrap one leg two legs, change direction
    • ball slams
    • hikes
      • both hands front back
      • alternate one hand in front, one behind
    • lunge position toss-catch, change sides
  • Daily 5-Minute Routine (Tony Watson)
    • Ball slaps, finger tips.
    • Around head, waist, both legs, one leg, other leg, figure-8s, 1-leg 2-legs (reverse all of the these).
    • Dribbling - low (calf), pounds (waist), around each leg with one hand, quick-dribble figure-8s.
    • Windshield wipers (v-dribbles, both hands), walking the dog (both sides), dog wipers (front then side v-dribble).
    • Crossovers, between and under (double takes), figure-8s (two dribbles), behind the back.
    • Double moves - between-cross each way, between-behind each way
  • Another 5-Minute Daily Routine (Watson)
    • Head-waist-legs, figure-8s, 1-leg 2-legs.
    • Pound cross, pound between, pound behind.
    • Triple moves - cross cross between pound, between between cross pound, cross between behind pound.
    • Between between resets (rise up, hang), switch hands.
  • 3-Minute Ballhandling Warm-up (Jordan Lawley)
    • Pounds, front v-dribble, inside-out, leg wraps (one dribble), crossover (small, big), between, between and under (double take), behind (small, big).
    • Combo moves - between cross, between behind, cross between behind.
  • Figure-8 Drill with Johnny Taylor
    • in-and-out, cross, between, behind
    • the in-and-out is a v-dribble (or use an inside-out)
    • variation - inside-out instead of v-dribble
    • see Hanlen stationary
  • Hang the Ball (DJ Sackmann)
    • pound, behind the back, shuffle (hang the ball wide)
    • (progression - inside-out behind, see below)
    • see Ballerbootcamp cones (lateral double crossovers)
  • Cross-Between-Behind Progression (Lawley)
    • cross-cross-cross-between-behind
    • cross-between-between-between-behind
    • cross-between-behind-behind-behind
    • 20 seconds each
  • Pro Ballhandling Secrets (Phil Handy)
    • have a wide base, chest up
    • one-hand cross (v-dribble) into
      • crossover
      • double cross, switch hands
      • triple cross
      • double cross double between (scissors), switch hands
    • pound cross
    • pickups - dribble between the legs, pick it up with the other hand, continue, switch sides
      • figure-8 pickups
    • chops - continuous scissors
  • Intense At-Home Dribbling (Handy)
    • between cross (switch hands)
    • between cross between cross cross
    • between cross cross cross (switch)
    • between behind (switch)
    • between behind cross cross between cross (switch)
  • Stationary Ballhandling with DJ Sackmann
    • v-dribble right to left (shift weight left) and back, hang it, continue, switch sides
    • add regular v-dribble first
    • v-dribble right to left and back and left and shift, wrap the right leg, continue
    • v-dribble right to left, shift weight, wrap the right leg, R-L behind the back, repeat other sideup
  • Speed & Height Changes At-Home Ballhandling (Ayers)
    • 5 high pounds, 5 low pounds.
    • Tap crosses, double-tap crosses.
    • 4 high 4 low crossovers, then between the legs, and behind the back.
    • In-and-out behind the back, rise up, show shot.
    • Triple combo, rise up, show shot.
    • Combo retreats - two retreat dribbles, rise up, triple combo, explode forward on the last move.
    • Rhythm double crosses - cross-step with a slow, high dribble, step back into a hard low double-cross, continue, change sides; progression - between the legs, cross.
    • Wrap, snatch-back (behind the back pullback), between the legs.
    • In-and-out reverse between the legs snatch (under pullback), behind the back, continue, switch legs.
    • 5 high 5 low freestyle.
    • See At-Home Training.
  • Rhythm & Speeds At-Home Ballhandling Workout (Ayers)
    • Cuff dribbles, cuff to pocket, add cross-between-behind triple combo.
    • Scissors between the legs, rise up and bring feet together between dribbles.
    • Two scissors, rise up.
    • Continuous scissors.
    • Two high dribbles behind the back, then two low dribbles.
    • Freestyle - any moves, two high, two low.
    • Double move to snatch - two between the legs, explode to an inverted drag pullback.
    • Lateral in-and-out wraps, add a triple combo.
    • Double wrap to snatch - behind-wrap to a cross drag pullback.
    • Between-cross, drop low on the crossover.
    • Freestyle.
    • See At-Home Training.
  • Cross Jab Series (Shane Hennen)
    • Drop cross, jab opposite.
    • Cross jab, one-dribble speed stop exchange, bounce back, repeat; change sides.
    • Cross jab cross, stop exchange, bounce back, alternate sides.
  • Cross Between Wrap Drag (Kyle Travis)
    • Cross, between, wrap, crossover drag pullback, repeat for 30 seconds, switch sides
    • variations (see above)
      • behind, wrap, cross pullback
      • between, wrap, behind pullback
  • Spin Moves (Sackmann)
    • continuous spin seal (a reverse dribble), spin back, repeat other side
  • Foot Switch (Travis)
  • Ballhandling Workout at Home (Reid Ouse)
    • Punch (pound) dribble, punch-punch-pocket, punch-pocket-cross, punch-pocket-between
    • Punch-between (feet stationary)
    • Split to square series
      • split (scissor) between, square up, punch
      • same footwork, no punch dribbles, split between, float the ball, square up
    • Scissor burn-out - punch-scissor-scissor
    • Progressions - see #NoBasketNeeded playlist, At-Home Training.
  • Attacks and stops (Ouse)
    • split stance and split catch to speed stop, speed-stop exchange
  • Hand-to-hand exchanges (Ouse)
    • drop-move lateral crossovers
    • drop thru to stop exchange, step-in (shot)
    • drop split to scissor between
    • between-behind continuous (scissor feet)
    • hip rotation to speed stop, stop exchange
  • Keeping & claiming space (Ouse)
    • push step between-behind, between-behind under drag pullback
    • two-dribble thru-under, thru-under drop and go, thru-under to drop-move cross, thru-under to drop thru
    • split catch to stop exchange, go, stop exchange
  • Playing off the catch (Ouse)
    • side jab to speed stop, stop exchange, stop low cross, inverted drag, inverted drag drop and go
    • middle jab to side jab to speed stop
  • 3 Daily Dribbling Drills (EGT)
    • rhythm east-west shifting
      • nail one foot to the floor, cross and shift, cross back, inverted step and pound, step back, repeat (see Speed & height changes, above)
      • double cross to inverted drag, repeat going side to side
    • "salsa" dribbling - slow to fast, high to low
    • cross-between series
      • between-under (double take)
      • between-cross (low on between, rise up)
      • alternate between-under, between-cross [progression - add between-behind]
      • cross between under
  • Killer 5-Minute Ballhandling Workout (PGC)
    • Circle dibbles (2-dribble reverse leg wraps).
    • Tappers (between tap behind tap under).
    • Kobe kicks (scissors).
    • Get-backs (behind the back retreat).
  • Crafty Ballhandling (Johnston)
  • Mastering the Crossover (Castellaw)
  • Develop Elite Ball Quickness (Thrive3)
    • 5 tight zig-zag cones, down and back two times,
      • cross pound
      • between pound
      • behind pound (under the butt, not a wrap)
      • cross-cross-between pound
      • cross-cross-wrap (no pound rhythm dribble)
      • cross-between-wrap
      • between-behind-wrap
      • See Dribbling - KP series, Speed course.
    • 500 dribble moves
      • 50 pound dribbles with each hand
      • pound inside-out, 25 with each hand
      • inside-out, 25 with each hand
      • pound cross, 50 times
      • 50 crossovers
      • pound between (scissor), 50 times
      • 50 scissors
      • pound (in front) behind the back, 50 times
      • behind the back 50 times
    • Also see Dribbling - 3-cone crossover, Shooting - Thrive3 footwork.
  • Weave Drill (Johnston)
    • Weave through 4 cones in a tight line out top (with a cone on each elbow) finish with a pull-up shot, progression
      • pound-pound-cross (any change of direction move)
      • pound-cross
      • repeat (continuous) cross.
    • See Dribbling - Tony Watson series (Chris Paul fullcourt)
  • Hip Swivel Moves (Johnston)
    • Load-up move - skip hesitation into a blow-by position (split or drop stance).
    • Hip-swivel - out of a triple threat or live dribble closed stance, pound dribble into the pocket, swivel the hips into the load-up position.
    • Counter - crossover.
    • See Hip Switch, Shooting - Drop series.
  • 4 Moves to Protect the Ball (Johnston)
    • Attack an elbow from the top of the key, retreat dribble back, hip switch, attack the elbow again, continue, switch elbows.
  • Scissors Ladder (Johnston)
    • 10 scissor dribbles, stand up and hesitate, repeat with 9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 dribbles.up

2007-23 Eric Johannsen