Ballscreen workouts, with reads and options.
- Drag screen
- Middle ballscreen
See YouTube playlist - Ballscreen reads
, also Tactics - Hanlen ballscreens
1) Drag screen
See YouTube video - How to use a drag screen
A drag screen is a screen set by the trailing big, which typically initiates a secondary break opportunity (or hit the trailer).
"Pin-ball dribbling" using three cones - 1 starts with the ball in his outside hand, goes between the legs, skips and goes between the legs again at the next cone, takes two steps (inside-outside) into a speed-stop exchange at the last cone, opens up (shoulders to the mid-line), bounces out with the left hand, drops, attacks middle with two dribbles into a pull-up jump shot (the middle cone is a screen).
Progression - 2 goes when 1 gets to the last cone, 1 can't attack middle until 2 goes between the legs at the second cone, 1 goes right off his back.
On a side pick and roll, open up the shoulders to the mid-line, you can hit the trailer, come off a screen, or reject the screen (with a push crossover).
Variation - skip hesitation pull-up (look off the big), see Sackmann - Lift footwork
2) Side ballscreen
See YouTube video - Ballscreen workout.
Two cones on each sideline.
From the bottom cone, turn-out dribble and bound (out to a drop position), attack middle, on the first dribble look at (look off) the big (roll, pop), get inside the nail on the next dribble for a pull-up jumper.
Reid Ouse - Cross-step (YouTube) - from a drop position, take a slow cross-step and go.
b) Refuse the screen
Bound, push crossover, look at the screener (who would pop or rim run on the refusal), another dribble to a pull-up jumper. Find a gap if the corner is occupied.
See YouTube video - Refusing the ballscreen.
Ouse - Spin seal (YouTube) - cross-step uphill, spin seal (reverse dribble) to reject the screen. Also see Sackmann - Spin seal move, Spin-seal workout (YouTube), and Shooting - Drop series (Ballscreens).
c) Split the screen
Bound, inside-out dribble, one dribble using the screen, push crossover, floater or runner. For a transition floater, hop off the inside foot, land on two or outside-inside.
See YouTube video - Ballscreen split footwork.
d) Zone coverage
The screen defender zones up, is late to hedge.
From the slot, two dribbles to the wing (L-R-L-R), exchange (behind the back), open up shoulders to the midline, drop, one dribble, hop off the inside foot, land on two for 2-point or 3-point shot.
Mike Lee - Best ballscreen drill
(YouTube) - get your defender to the level of the ball, not necessarily the ball to the level of the screen.
3) Middle screen
See YouTube video - Middle pick and roll drill.
Three cones, the top cone is a screen.
Start outside the top of the key, ball in the left hand, go between the legs (or any change of direction) to the elbow area, stop inside-outside, exchange the ball behind the back (speed-stop exchange), drop the inside (left) foot back, bounce out, land in a drop, turn the corner, get into a runner (floater), inside hand off the outside foot, go 3 times, switch sides.
b) Snake the screen
As you start to turn the corner, the screen defender zones it and the on-ball defender goes over, pause, snake the screen (e.g. push crossover) back to the opposite elbow for a pull-up. It's hard for a right-hander to go 1-2, you might have to hop and land on two.
See YouTube video - Snaking options, also Kyrie Irving brake check.
c) Fake the snake
The on-ball defender goes over the screen, attached to your hip (or maybe goes under and re-engages), show a snake or split using an inside-out dribble, load up, run into space with a right-left cross-step, shoot.
See YouTube video - Fake snake, also YouTube playlist - Lateral separation, Shooting - Snake pull-ups.
- Shoot from behind the screen
- Attack a hedge.
See YouTube videos:
Sackmann - Side-step footwork - attack middle, step out with the ballside foot, back the other way to shoot left-right behind the screen (defender goes under).
Sackmann - Hop footwork shooting - hop on the inside foot, land on two, you have to be able to shoot a 3 if your defender goes under, a 1-2 all the time is tough.
Chris Oliver - Cat and mouse - read the recovering defender, attack opposite.
Sackmann - Attacking the vertical hedge - turn-out dribble and step out, attack the top foot.
Reid Ouse - Ballscreen reads - on a hard hedge, re-screen with butt to the baseline, cross and attack downhill.
Dr. Dish - Hesitation moves - against a hedge and under, pullback, cross and shoot or attack the other way.
Mike Lee - Best ballscreen drill
a) Come off the screen, one-dribble pull-up (your defender goes over, drop coverage).
b) Against a show attached to the screener, it's like an inside-out dribble, jab, step out, ideally the inside foot gets around to seal him (then one dribble to a floater off one foot).
c) Split a separated show, sell over the top, plant and punch it through (push cross) right into a floater.
d) Re-screen - your defender goes under, 180 pivot by the screener, plant and change direction, come right back off into a pull-up, there should be nobody there. Nobody can guard it at the high-school level if you do it right.